The Fourteen Holy Helpers
St. Christophorus, Martyr
Note: St. Christophorus is usually called St. Christopher. He is the
patron of travelers, especially motorists, and is invoked in storms and tempests.
Traditional feast day: July 25.
An ancient tradition concerning St. Christophorus relates: He was born in the
land of Canaan, and was named Reprobus, that is Reprobate, for he was a barbarous
heathen. In stature and strength he was a giant. Thinking no one his like in
bodily vigor, he resolved to go forth in search of the mightiest master and
serve him. In his wanderings, he met with a king who was praised as the most
valorous man on earth. To him he offered his services and was accepted. The
king was proud of his giant and kept him near his person. One day a minstrel
visited the king's castle, and among the ballads he sung before the court was
one on the power of Satan. At the mention of this name the king blessed himself,
making the sign of the cross. Reprobus, wondering, asked him why he did that.
The king replied: "When I make this sign, Satan has no power over me."
Reprobus rejoined: "So thou fearest the power of Satan? Then he is mightier
than thou, and I shall seek and serve him."
Setting forth to seek Satan, he came into a wilderness. One dark night he met
a band of wild fellows riding through the forest. It was Satan and his escort.
Reprobus bravely accosted him, saying he wished to serve him. He was accepted.
But soon he was convinced that his new master was not the mightiest on earth.
For one day, whilst approaching a crucifix by the wayside, Satan quickly took
to flight, and Reprobus asked him for the reason. Satan replied: "That
is the image of my greatest enemy, who conquered me on the cross. From him I
always flee." When Reprobus heard this, he left the devil, and went in
search of Christ.
In his wanderings, he one day came to a hut hidden in the forest. At its door
sat a venerable old man. Reprobus addressed him, and in the course of the conversation
that ensued the old man told him that he was a hermit, and had left the world
to serve Christ, the Lord of heaven and earth. "Thou art my man,"
cried Reprobus; "Christ is He whom I seek, for He is the strongest and
the mightiest. Tell me where I can find Him."
The hermit then began instructing the giant about God and the Redeemer, and
concluded by sasying: "He who would serve Christ must offer himself entirely
to Him, and do and suffer everything for His sake. His reward for this will
be immense and will last forever." Reprobus now asked the hermit to allow
him to remain, and to continue to instruct him. The hermit consented. When Reprobus
was fully instructed, he baptized him. After his baptism, a great change came
over the giant. No longer proud of his great size and strength, he became meek
and humble, and asked the hermit to assign to him some task by which he might
serve God, his master. "For," said he, "I can not pray and fast;
therefore I must serve God in some other way." The hermit led him to a
broad and swift river nearby, and said: "Here build thyself a hut, and
when wanderers wish to cross the river, carry them over for the love of Christ."
For there was no bridge across the river.
Henceforth, day and night, whenever he was called, Reprobus faithfully performed
the task assigned to him. One night he heard a child calling to be carried across
the river. Quickly he rose, placed the child on his stout shoulder, took his
staff and walked into the mighty current. Arrived in midstream, the water rose
higher and higher, and the child became heavier and heavier.
"O child," he cried, "how heavy thou art! It seems I bear the
weight of the world on my shoulder." And the child replied, "Right
thou art. Thou bearest not only the world, but the Creator of heaven and earth.
I am Jesus Christ, thy King and Lord, and henceforth thou shalt be called Christophorus,
that is, Christ-bearer. Arrived on yonder shore, plant thy staff in the ground,
and in token of my power and might tomorrow it shall bear leaves and blossoms."
And the child disappeared. On reaching the other shore, Christophorus stuck
his staff into the ground, and behold, it budded forth leaves and blossoms.
Then, kneeling, he promised the Lord to serve Him ever faithfully. He kept his
promise, and thenceforth became a zealous preacher of the Gospel, converting
many to the Faith. On his missionary peregrinations he came also to Lycia, where,
after his first sermon, eighteen thousand heathens requested baptism. When Emperor
Decius heard of this, he sent a company of four hundred soldiers to capture
Christophorus. To these he preached so convincingly, that they all asked for
baptism. Decius became enraged thereat and had him cast into prison. There he
first treated him with great kindness, and surrounded him with every luxury
to tempt him to sin, but in vain. Then he ordered him to be tortured in the
most cruel manner, until he should deny the Faith. He was scourged, placed on
plates of hot iron, boiling oil was poured over and fire was lighted under him.
When all these torments did not accomplish their purpose, the soldiers were
ordered to shoot him with arrows. This, too, having no effect, he was beheaded,
on July 25, 254.
Two great saints refer to the wonderful achievements of St. Christophorus.
St. Ambrose mentions that this saint converted forty-eight thousand souls to
Christ. St. Vincent Ferrer declares that when the plague devastated Valencia,
its destructive course was stayed through the intercession of St. Christophorus.
The legend of St. Christophorus conveys a wholesome truth. We ought all to
be Christ-bearers, by preserving in our hearts faith, hope, and charity, and
by receiving Our Lord worthily in Holy Communion. He alone is worthy of our
service. In the service that we owe to men, we ought to serve God by doing His
will. We can not divide our heart, for Our Lord Himself says, "No man can
serve two masters" (Matt. 6:24). If you serve the world, it deceives you,
for it can not give you what it promises. If you serve sin, Satan is your master.
He, too, deceives his servants, and leads them to perdition. Christ on the cross
conquered these two tyrants, and with His help you can also vanquish them. Therefore,
give yourself to Him with all your heart, and you shall find peace in this world,
and eternal bliss in the next. St. Augustine learned this truth by sad experience,
and therefore exclaims: "Thou hast created us for Thee, O Lord, and our
heart is restless till it rests in Thee."
Prayer of the Church
Grant us, almighty God, that whilst we celebrate the memory of Thy blessed
martyr St. Christophorus, through his intercession the love of Thy name may
be increased in us. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
St. Dionysius, Bishop and Martyr
Note: St. Dionysius is also known as St. Denis. He is often pictured
carrying his head in his hands. St. Denis is invoked against diabolical possession.
Traditional feast day: October 9.
When St. Paul the Apostle, in the year of Our Lord 51, came to Athens to preach
the Gospel, he was summoned to the Areopagus, the great council which determined
all religious matters. Among the members of this illustrious assembly was Dionysius.
His mind had already been prepared to receive the good tidings of the Gospel
by the miraculous darkness which overspread the earth at the moment of Our Lord's
death on the cross.
He was at that time at Heliopolis, in Egypt. On beholding the sun obscured
in the midst of its course, and this without apparent cause, he is said to have
exclaimed: "Either the God of nature is suffering, or the world is about
to be dissolved." When St. Paul preached before the Areopagus in Athens,
Dionysius easily recognized the truth and readily embraced it (Acts 17:23-24).
The Apostle received him among his disciples, and appointed him bishop of the
infant Church of Athens. As such he devoted himself with great zeal to the propagation
of the Gospel. He made a journey to Jerusalem to visit the places hallowed by
the footsteps and sufferings of our Redeemer, and there met the Apostles St.
Peter and St. James, the evangelist St. Luke, and other holy apostolic men.
He also had the happiness to see and converse with the Blessed Virgin Mary,
and was so overwhelmed by her presence that he declared, that if he knew not
Jesus to be God, he would consider her divine.
The idolatrous priests of Athens were greatly alarmed at the many conversions
resulting from the eloquent preaching of Dionysius, and instigated a revolt
against him. The holy bishop left Athens, and, going to Rome, visited the Pope,
St. Clement. He sent him with some other holy men to Gaul (present-day France).
Some of his companions remained to evangelize the cities in the south, while
Dionysius, with the priest Rusticus and the deacon Eleutherius continued their
journey northward as far as Lutetia, the modern Paris, where the Gospel had
not yet been announced. Here for many years he and his companions labored with
signal success, and finally obtained the crown of martyrdom on Oct. 9, 119.
Dionysius was beheaded at the advanced age of 110 years.
The spot where the three martyrs Dionysius, Rusticus, and Eleutherius suffered
martyrdom is the well-known hill of Montmartre. An ancient tradition relates
that St. Dionysius, after his head was severed from his body, took it up with
his own hands and carried it two thousand paces to the place where, later, a
church was built in his honor. The bodies of the martyrs were thrown into the
river Seine, but taken up and honorably interred by a Christian lady named Catulla
not far from the place where they had been beheaded. The Christians soon built
a chapel on their tomb.
St. Dionysius was not only a great missionary and bishop, but also one of the
most illustrious writers of the early Church. Some of his works, which are full
of Catholic doctrine and Christian wisdom, are still extant, and well worthy
of a convert and disciple of St. Paul, whose spirit they breathe.
Note: Many kings of France have been buried in the famous church of St. Denis
(just north of Paris). St. Denis is the Apostle of France and one of the patron
saints of France.
Taken from The Fourteen Holy Helpers
by TAN Books &
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